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Setting plays a pivotal role in holding a diamond together in every design. One needs to pay attention whilst selecting the setting for his / her jewellery.
The most known and commonly used technique of setting diamond or stone is the prong setting. In this type of setting a diamond is placed between the prongs (nail shaped metal structure) and the edges of a prong are bent over the stone to hold it firmly. Usually in prong setting there are four prongs but in some cases more prongs may be used. People prefer this kind of setting because there is more room for light to pass through a diamond / gem stone that gives glitterier look to the jewellery piece.
Bar setting is a variant of channel setting. As the name itself suggests, a stone is laced between the 2 metal bars to hold it perfectly. Mostly solitaire stones are used in Bar setting. All cuts of diamonds - Emerald, Oval, Princess, Round and Baguette can be used in bar setting.
Channel setting is somewhat similar to Bezel setting. In bezel setting a stone is surrounded by metal on all sides while in channel setting a stone is placed between two metal walls exactly parallel to each other. This gives an impression as if the diamonds are set in a channel form. This type of setting gives enough place for light to pass through diamonds, hence more brilliance to diamonds. Mostly round and Princess cut diamonds are used in this type of setting.
Bezel setting is the one in which diamond or any other gem stone is surrounded by metal on all sides and extends slightly above the circumference of a stone. A bezel setting holds a stone safer than any other type of setting. Usually people who wear jewellery piece on a daily basis prefer this kind of setting.
Flush setting is also a variant of Bezel setting. In Flush setting diamonds are set in tapered metal holes and the surrounding metal is pressed around its rim.
Pave setting is a nothing but a modified version of prong setting. Still it makes a big difference in the appearance of a jewellery piece. There are many tiny prongs close to each other and the diamonds / gemstones are placed between them very close to each other. Although small size diamonds are used it gives look and feel of a bigger diamond being used. This illusionary effect tempts most customers to buy jewellery made in pave setting.
The technique of tension setting was developed by Friedrich Becker in the early 1960s. This type of setting is gaining popularity but lesser compared to Prong or bezel setting. In Tension setting pressure of the metal band is used to hold the diamond in proper place and the diamond appear to be floating in air.
The diamond fits snuggly inside notches carved on both the sides of a prong. Two sides of prong are squeezed from both sides to hold the stone in place and to protect from accidental breakage. A popular setting type for princess cut diamond rings.