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Buying a Diamond is indeed a big decision and requires careful consideration before purchase. It is therefore important to know what you are paying for. We at Jewel Country believe in imparting complete unbiased knowledge to help you make that buying experience more informed. Let's begin with Diamonds and the most important characteristics of Diamonds viz. Shapes, Cut, Clarity, Colour, Carat, Certification.
The shape of a diamond describes the outline of the stone and the pattern of the facets. In simple terms, it describes how the diamond looks in terms of the outside shaping and physical appearance. The most popular and stylish shapes are - Round Brilliant, Princess, Emerald, Oval, Marquise, Pear, Heart, Asscher, Radiant and Cushion.
The cut of a diamond is its most important characteristic and determines the brilliance of the diamond and the quality of workmanship. It determines the amount of light reflected by the diamond and is dependent on the depth of the cut, the angle of the pavilion, the symmetry and the polish. It determines, the beauty of a diamond more than any other characteristic.
As the name suggests, clarity of a diamond is a measure of perfection of the material. It measures the flaws present either inside the diamond or on the surface. These flaws reduce the shine and exuberance of the diamond. Safe to say, a diamond with no flaws, and consequently, perfect clarity reflects almost all of the light that is thrown at it and exhibits a brilliant dazzle.
The colour of a diamond is affected by impurities present in it. The more colourless a diamond, the purer it is and the higher its value. A colour grading scale, ranging from D to Z, is used for measuring purity. There are however instances when impurities are added on purpose to give rise to beautifully coloured diamonds.
Carat is a means of measuring the weight of a diamond. One carat corresponds to 0.2 grams. Needless to say, the higher the number of carats in a diamond, the higher is the value. Depending on the cut and density, the number of carats in a diamond of a given weight varies.
Objects of such high value deserve the strictest quality measures and certifications. Different institutes such as The Gemological Institute of America (GIA), The Diamond High council and the International Gemological Institute (IGI) offer different certifications to ensure that the diamonds you buy are as per specifications mentioned.